Forms Of Diabetes


Type 1 diabetes accounts for roughly 10% of the diabetes cases in the world with the majority being Type 2. An estimated 1-5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes are rare types, such as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), maturity onset diabetes in the young (MODY), cystic fibrosis related diabetes (CFRD), Cushing’s syndrome and others. Explore these various forms of diabetes and what makes them distinct in the diabetes family.

Learn how to test for diabetes type.

What is Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic, autoimmune condition that occurs when the body’s own immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. This attack leaves the pancreas with little or no ability to produce insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Without insulin, sugar stays in the blood and can cause serious damage to organ systems, causing people to experience Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).READ MORE

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot properly use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. This is also known as insulin resistance.READ MORE

What is LADA?

LADA, (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults) diabetes is rare and known as “late-onset” diabetes. Most adults diagnosed with LADA are older than 30 years of age. It’s progression is slow; sometimes causing a misdiagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. LADA patients, (like Type 2), may initially use oral medication, exercise and diet to manage their diabetes, but eventually, the pancreas will altogether stop producing insulin, (like Type 1), thus necessitating insulin injections. This can take anywhere from a few months after diagnosis to several years. READ MORE

What is Monogenic Diabetes?

Monogenic diabetes is a rare type of diabetes that's caused by a single gene mutation. It accounts for about 1-2% of all diabetes cases, though its prevalence may actually be up to 5%. It has characteristics of both Type 1 and Type 2, and is often misdiagnosed as one of those more common types.READ MORE

What is chronic pancreatitis-associated diabetes?

Pancreatic diabetes is caused by chronic pancreatitis, a prolonged inflammation of the pancreas, which causes extensive damage to exocrine tissue. When acute hyperglycemia develops, the islet cells of the organ become damaged and can no longer produce insulin, causing the person to become insulin dependent for life. READ MORE

Type 1 Diabetes With Other Autoimmune Diseases

People with Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease, are more likely to have a co-occurring autoimmune disorder.READ MORE