Forms Of Diabetes


More than 537 million people live with any type of diabetes worldwide, most of whom live with type 2 diabetes. 8.7 million people live with type 1 diabetes. An estimated 1-5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes are rare types, such as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), maturity-onset diabetes in the young (MODY), cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD), Cushing’s syndrome and others. Explore these various forms of diabetes and what makes them distinct in the diabetes family.

Learn how to test for diabetes type.

What is Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune condition that makes the body unable to produce insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar.MORE

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot properly use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. This is also known as insulin resistance.MORE

What is Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that affects pregnant women, and occurs in 1 in 25 pregnancies worldwide. It is caused by the malfunctioning of insulin receptors, due to the ...MORE

What is Monogenic Diabetes?

Monogenic diabetes is a rare type of diabetes that's caused by a single gene mutation. It accounts for about 1-2% of all diabetes cases, though its prevalence may actually be up to 5%. It has cha...MORE

What is Brittle Diabetes?

Brittle diabetes is a rare form of insulin-dependent diabetes and is marked by frequent and severe episodes of hypoglycemia and/or hyperglycemia (DKA). This instability of blood sugar levels often lea...MORE

What is Wolfram Syndrome?

Wolfram Syndrome, also called DIDMOAD (diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness), is a rare genetic disorder that causes Type 1 diabetes and other serious conditions from exc...MORE

What is Cystic Fibrosis-related Diabetes?

People who have cystic fibrosis (CF) have excessive, thick mucus, which in turn can scar the pancreas. If scarring occurs, the pancreas stops producing normal amounts of insulin, causing the person to...MORE

What is chronic pancreatitis-associated diabetes?

Pancreatic diabetes is caused by chronic pancreatitis, a prolonged inflammation of the pancreas, which causes extensive damage to exocrine tissue. When acute hyperglycemia develops, the islet cells of...MORE

Type 1 Diabetes With Other Autoimmune Diseases

People with type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease, are more likely to have a co-occurring autoimmune disorder.MORE

What is LADA? (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults)

Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a form of type 1 diabetes that is often misdiagnosed as type 2 diabetes.MORE