Diabetes and Exercise
Exercise is key to a healthy lifestyle. However, you should always consult your doctor before engaging in strenuous exercise; safety is the priority.
T1D management for athletes is unique to the individual and depends on many variables including the sport, athlete’s health needs, length and duration of training, upcoming competitions, etc. The primary risks of physical activity for the T1D athlete are essentially two:
- Hypoglycemia (blood sugar is too low)
To prepare for hypoglycemia, keep at least 15-20g of fast-acting carbohydrates on hand at all times. Also note that the risk for hypoglycemia is higher if you skip a meal or exercise strenuously or for a long duration. Aerobic exercise, such as jogging, tends to drive blood glucose down.
- Hyperglycemia (blood sugar is too high)
Certain high-intensity or anaerobic exercises, such as weight lifting, can increase blood glucose. Listen to your body, check your blood glucose often, and look for patterns to help you adjust routines.
Find out the reasons for hyperglycemia and how you can have better blood sugar control while working out. Discover the benefits of anaerobic exercise (or weight lifting). Learn how to safely lose weight with Type 1. Exercise in general may increase insulin sensitivity and aid in overall better diabetes management. Peruse Beyond Type 1’s exercise resources before you start and read inspiring personal stories to get you motivated.
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Manage the Highs & Lows
GlucagonGlucagon raises your blood sugar (treating hypoglycemia) while insulin lowers it (treating hyperglycemia or preventing it when taken before eating).MORE
10 Reasons For Hyperglycemia During TrainingEditor’s Note: Phil Graham (BSc, CISSN) is a certified sports nutritionist and competitive body builder. Learn more of his training tips on his site Diabetic Muscle and Fitness. High blood sug...MORE
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Don’t Crash: How to Manage Exercise LowsDive into the science behind the blood sugar drops during and after exercise so you can better understand and plan for them. MORE
Anticipate the Rise: How to Manage Exercise Induced HighsHave you ever wondered why, with certain types of exercise, your blood sugar does not drop or even, in some cases, rises?MORE
Reach Your Goals
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6 Ways to Make Sure Your Next Goal is a SuccessCertified Strength and Conditioning Specialist, Ben Tzeel, gives 6 ways you can make your goals a success. No more excuses, and no more falling off that treadmill. MORE
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